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How to pronounce antennae (audio)

Dictionary definition of 'antennae'

The paired sensory organs found on the heads of many insects and some other arthropods.
"The cricket used its antennae to detect the vibrations of nearby predators."

Detailed meaning of 'antennae'

Antennae serve as crucial appendages that enable these organisms to gather information about their environment. Typically, they are slender and segmented, protruding from the insect's head and often having a jointed structure. Antennae play a vital role in sensing and perceiving various stimuli, such as touch, vibrations, temperature, humidity, and chemical signals. They can detect changes in the air, identify potential mates, locate food sources, and navigate surroundings. The size, shape, and structure of antennae vary across different insect species and may possess specialized adaptations for specific functions. Antennae are remarkable sensory tools that allow insects to interact with their surroundings and play an essential role in their survival, communication, and overall behavior.

History and etymology of 'antennae'

The noun 'antennae' has its etymological roots in Latin. It is derived from the Latin word 'antenna,' which initially referred to the yardarm of a ship or a sail's rope. The term 'antenna' was later used metaphorically to describe the sensory appendages of insects and some other arthropods, likely because of their resemblance to the shape and function of the ship's yardarm or the extended rope. The word 'antennae' eventually became the accepted plural form for these sensory organs. Therefore, the etymology of 'antennae' reflects the historical connection between the sensory appendages of insects and the nautical terminology of the ancient Romans, highlighting the notion of these organs as delicate and extending structures used for perception and navigation in the insect world.

Example sentences containing 'antennae'

1. Beetles have long, segmented antennae for sensing their surroundings.
2. The praying mantis's antennae are used for hunting.
3. The fly's short antennae contrast with its large compound eyes.
4. Bees communicate through waggle dances and antennae touches.
5. Grasshoppers use their antennae to detect changes in humidity.
6. The cockroach's antennae are an essential sensory tool.
7. Dragonflies have short, stout antennae and excellent vision.
8. The ant's antennae were constantly in motion as it explored.
9. Spiders weave intricate webs using their fine antennae.
10. The ladybug's antennae are hidden beneath its compact body.
11. Caterpillars rely on their antennae to locate food.
12. The mantis shrimp's antennae detect water currents.
13. Termites use their antennae to communicate within the colony.
14. The beetle's long, slender antennae are its primary sensors.
15. The butterfly's delicate antennae gently swayed in the breeze.
16. The bee's antennae helped it navigate towards the sweet scent of flowers.
17. The mosquito's antennae were highly sensitive to the presence of carbon dioxide, guiding it towards potential hosts.
18. The spider used its antennae to detect the presence of prey caught in its web.
19. The beetle's long antennae allowed it to explore its environment and search for food.
20. The grasshopper's antennae were crucial for communicating with others of its kind.
21. The antena antennae extended outward as it searched for pheromone trails left by its fellow ants.
22. The moth's large, feathery antennae allowed it to detect the pheromones released by potential mates from a distance.
23. The fly's short antennae were important for sensing temperature changes in its surroundings.
24. The praying mantis used its flexible antennae to locate and capture small insects.
25. The dragonfly's antennae served as sensors, enabling it to spot movement and prey in its vicinity.



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