conjecture

## IPA:

# Dictionary definition of **conjecture**

A statement or hypothesis that is put forward as a possible explanation or solution, but has not yet been proven to be true.

"The journalist's article was full of **conjecture** and rumors, but lacked any factual basis."

## Detailed meaning of **conjecture**

It is an idea or theory that is proposed based on limited evidence or information and is subject to further investigation or testing. Conjectures are often used in mathematics, science, and other fields to make predictions, generate new ideas, or explain patterns or phenomena. They are different from a proven statement called a theorem, but can be used as a starting point for more extensive research.

For example, in mathematics, a **conjecture** is an unproven statement that is believed to be true based on numerical evidence or theoretical reasoning. Famous examples include the Goldbach **Conjecture**, which states that every even integer greater than two can be written as the sum of two prime numbers, and the Riemann Hypothesis, which proposes a pattern for the distribution of prime numbers. These statements have yet to be proven, but are actively being researched.

In general, **conjecture** is a tool for making sense of the world and opening up new lines of inquiry. Even if a **conjecture** is eventually disproven, the process of testing it can lead to new discoveries and insights.

## Example sentences containing **conjecture**

1. The scientist presented her **conjecture** about the origins of the universe.

2. The mathematician's **conjecture** remained unproven for many years.

3. The detective's theory was based on mere **conjecture** and lacked evidence.

4. The professor encouraged the students to challenge existing conjectures in the field.

5. The archaeologist's **conjecture** about the ancient civilization was met with skepticism.

6. The journalist wrote an article discussing various conjectures about the upcoming election.

## History and etymology of **conjecture**

The noun '**conjecture**' has its etymological origins in Latin. It is derived from the Latin word 'conjectura,' which is formed from 'con' (together) and 'jacere' (to throw or cast). The term '**conjecture**' literally means 'to throw together' or 'to infer from throwing together.' In its original sense, it referred to making conclusions or predictions based on the act of 'throwing together' various pieces of information, ideas, or evidence. Over time, '**conjecture**' came to describe a statement or hypothesis that is put forward as a possible explanation or solution, but one that has not yet been proven to be true through empirical evidence. It embodies the notion of making educated guesses or inferences based on available information, often highlighting the speculative nature of such statements. The etymology of '**conjecture**' underscores its historical association with the process of making reasoned guesses or inferences when concrete evidence is lacking.

## Further usage examples of **conjecture**

1. The novel was filled with intriguing conjectures about time travel and parallel universes.

2. The philosopher pondered deep conjectures about the nature of consciousness.

3. The historical researcher's **conjecture** about the lost city led to an exciting expedition.

4. The economist's **conjecture** about the market trends turned out to be accurate.

5. The astronomers presented their **conjecture** about the existence of dark matter.

6. The literary critic offered a thought-provoking **conjecture** about the author's intentions.

7. The scientist's **conjecture** was supported by experimental data and rigorous analysis.

8. The mathematician's **conjecture** challenged established theorems in the field of geometry.

9. The jury deliberated over the **conjecture** of the defendant's guilt.

10. The physicist's **conjecture** about the behavior of subatomic particles was groundbreaking.

11. The historian's **conjecture** shed new light on a mysterious event in ancient history.

12. The art critic's **conjecture** about the hidden symbolism in the painting sparked debate.

13. The linguist's **conjecture** about the origins of language was met with intrigue.

14. The scientist's theory was based on mere **conjecture** and lacked evidence.

15. The historian presented a new **conjecture** about the origins of the ancient civilization.

16. The detective's investigation was based on **conjecture** until he found concrete evidence.

17. The mathematician's **conjecture** proved to be true after years of research and testing.

18. The philosopher's **conjecture** about the nature of reality was debated by scholars for centuries.

19. The archaeologist's **conjecture** about the purpose of the ancient ruins was confirmed by a recent discovery.

20. The literary critic's **conjecture** about the author's intentions in the novel sparked a lively debate.

21. The linguist's **conjecture** about the evolution of language was groundbreaking in the field.

22. The physicist's **conjecture** about the existence of dark matter is still being studied and debated.

23. The economist's **conjecture** about the future of the stock market proved to be accurate.

24. The meteorologist's **conjecture** about the path of the hurricane helped people prepare and stay safe.

## Synonyms

## Quiz categories containing **conjecture**

https://static.wixstatic.com/media/eb68db_7eca51f0c20b45c3a25e6ebbf598afe2~mv2.jpg, https://static.wixstatic.com/media/eb68db_14656208e4464bb1a273d7ac7b8c2c94~mv2.jpg, https://static.wixstatic.com/media/eb68db_5f52b0e7ff4a4069a9fdba5accce3f1b~mv2.jpg

ACT 2 (American College Testing), Analytical and Interpretive, Forecasts and Predictions

inference,presumption,supposition,surmise

speculation, fact, certainty, truth

eb68db_f7559401a7f24245adb14d51c7e73a7f.mp3

assumption,guess,speculation,theory