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previous

IPA

How to pronounce previous (audio)

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Dictionary definition of previous

Occurring or existing before a particular time, event, or circumstance.
"The previous owners of the car took excellent care of it."

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Detailed meaning of previous

It indicates a temporal relationship in which an occurrence or state predates another. The adjective highlights the notion of prior or earlier in time, sequence, or order. It can pertain to past experiences, actions, conditions, or knowledge that serve as a foundation or background for something that follows. The term previous is often used to establish context, provide historical or chronological references, or indicate a connection between past and present. It implies a sense of continuity, suggesting that the subject being referred to has a connection or relevance to what is happening or being discussed currently. Whether in narratives, discussions, or descriptions, previous plays a crucial role in shaping understanding and establishing a timeline or sequence of events.

Example sentences containing previous

1. The previous owner kept the garden in immaculate condition.
2. My previous job offered more flexibility but less pay.
3. Unlike my previous car, this one is very fuel-efficient.
4. The house looked nothing like the previous year's photos.
5. His previous works were good, but this is exceptional.
6. The team’s performance was better than the previous year.

History and etymology of previous

The adjective 'previous' has its etymological origins in the Latin word 'praevius,' which is a combination of 'prae,' meaning 'before,' and 'via,' meaning 'way' or 'road.' In Latin, 'praevius' described something that came before or preceded in the way or path. As this concept transitioned into Old French as 'prevoius,' and later into Middle English, it retained its core meaning of occurring or existing before a particular time, event, or circumstance. The etymology of 'previous' underscores its association with something that is ahead on the path of time, emphasizing its role in describing events or conditions that have occurred prior to a specific point in time or before a particular event or situation.

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Further usage examples of previous

1. She found her previous notes to be extremely helpful.
2. In the previous chapter, the plot started to thicken.
3. Her mood was lighter than in previous encounters.
4. The city was more vibrant than in previous visits.
5. I revisited the previous location to jog my memory.
6. The previous night’s storm left the sky clear, bright.
7. It was a complete contrast to our previous home.
8. He was far more prepared than the previous time.
9. Previous attempts had failed, but she persevered.
10. The decor was fancier than the previous restaurant.
11. Her skill level was higher than in previous games.
12. The previous winter was harsh, but we pulled through.
13. His courage was mightier than in previous battles.
14. Compared to previous models, this phone is advanced.
15. The previous chapter laid the groundwork for the concepts discussed in this section.
16. I met her at a party the previous weekend.
17. The company's profits exceeded the expectations of the previous quarter.
18. The previous owners of the house left behind some old furniture.
19. She had visited that country on a previous vacation and wanted to go again.
20. The professor reviewed the material from the previous lecture.
21. I'll need to consult my notes from the previous meeting.
22. The previous version of the software had some bugs that needed to be fixed.
23. The previous tenant left the apartment in a clean and tidy condition.
24. The previous year's sales figures set a new record for the company.
25. The museum featured an exhibition showcasing the works of the previous century's artists.

earlier,foregoing,last,past,preexisting

eb68db_8b5dd5c9a79240558b7677159fc500a4.mp3

prior, subsequent, following, later

antecedent,anterior,bygone,former,preceding,prior

Prefix pre-, TOEFL 4, Endings and Transitions, High School 12

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