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How to pronounce sue (audio)

Dictionary definition of sue

To initiate a lawsuit against someone in a court of law.
"The celebrity filed a lawsuit to sue the tabloid for defamation."

Detailed meaning of sue

When someone sues another individual or entity, they are seeking legal redress or compensation for a perceived wrong or harm that has been done to them. By suing, the plaintiff (the person or party initiating the lawsuit) formally accuses the defendant (the person or party being sued) of violating their rights, breaching a contract, causing injury, or engaging in other illegal or wrongful behavior. The act of suing involves filing a formal complaint or petition, detailing the claims and seeking appropriate remedies, such as financial compensation or specific actions from the defendant. The lawsuit then proceeds through the legal process, including pre-trial stages, possible settlement negotiations, and ultimately a trial if the case is not resolved beforehand. Suing is a way for individuals and organizations to seek legal recourse and resolution for disputes or grievances they believe can only be resolved through the intervention of the court system.

Example sentences containing sue

1. They sue their landlord for negligence.
2. The company decides to sue its former employee for breach of contract.
3. She plans to sue the manufacturer for selling a defective product.
4. The government agency threatens to sue the contractor for non-compliance.
5. The artist intends to sue the gallery for unauthorized use of their artwork.
6. The patient wants to sue the hospital for medical malpractice.

History and etymology of sue

The verb 'sue' has its roots in Old French, where it was originally 'suir' or 'siure,' and it can be traced even further back to the Latin word 'sequi,' which means 'to follow.' The evolution of 'sue' from 'sequi' hints at the legal process of following or pursuing a legal claim or case. Over time, it has come to mean initiating a lawsuit against someone in a court of law. Its etymology subtly alludes to the idea of pursuing justice or a legal remedy by following the established legal procedures, without explicitly delving into its specific definition.

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Further usage examples of sue

1. The neighbors sue each other over a property boundary dispute.
2. The driver might sue the other party involved in the car accident.
3. The company will sue the competitor for trademark infringement.
4. The athlete considers whether to sue the sports federation for unfair treatment.
5. The customer threatens to sue the online retailer for false advertising.
6. The shareholders sue the company's executives for financial fraud.
7. The musician decides to sue the music streaming platform for copyright infringement.
8. The employee plans to sue the employer for workplace harassment.
9. The environmental organization sues the government for environmental negligence.
10. The patient's family sues the doctor for medical negligence.
11. The author threatens to sue the publisher for breach of contract.
12. The homeowner sues the contractor for faulty construction work.
13. The union decides to sue the company for unfair labor practices.
14. The tenant considers whether to sue the landlord for violation of rental agreements.



litigate, reconcile, pardon, forgive


SAT 2 (Scholastic Assessment Test), Agreements and Settlements, Legal Terms and Procedures

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