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The Complete Vocabulary Builder Workbook



How to pronounce choleric (audio)

Dictionary definition of choleric

Marked by irritability, short-temper, and a tendency to become easily angered or agitated.
"The teacher was well known for her choleric temperament."

Detailed meaning of choleric

Someone with a choleric disposition is often quick to express frustration or annoyance, and their reactions may be intense and fiery. This term is derived from the concept of the "four humors" in ancient Greek and Roman medicine, with "choler" being associated with excessive yellow bile and believed to be the source of this temperament. Choleric individuals may exhibit impatience and a low tolerance for frustration, which can impact their interactions with others and their ability to handle stress. It's important to note that the term "choleric" is often used to describe a personality trait rather than a clinical condition and is part of a broader understanding of human temperaments and behaviors.

Example sentences containing choleric

1. His frequent choleric outbursts disrupted the harmony in the office, creating a tense atmosphere.
2. She had a deeply ingrained choleric reaction to any form of criticism, making it difficult to provide feedback.
3. The choleric boss's unpredictable temper made work conditions unbearable for the entire team.
4. Avoiding his choleric moods had become a survival strategy for maintaining peace in the workplace.
5. Her persistently choleric nature strained her personal and professional relationships to the breaking point.
6. Their choleric rants and constant arguments marred what was once a strong and supportive friendship.

History and etymology of choleric

The adjective 'choleric' is connected to the ancient medical theory of the four humors, which posited that human temperament was influenced by the balance of bodily fluids, or humors. In this theory, a person with an excess of yellow bile, one of the humors, was believed to have a choleric disposition. The term 'choleric' itself is derived from the Latin word 'cholericus,' which is linked to 'cholera,' meaning 'bile.' This Latin term reflects the belief that an excess of yellow bile in the body would lead to irritability, short-temper, and a tendency to become easily angered or agitated. While the humoral theory has been largely discredited, 'choleric' retains its historical association with a fiery and irritable temperament rooted in the ancient belief in the influence of bodily fluids on personality traits.

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Further usage examples of choleric

1. The choleric tone of the meeting overshadowed any progress that was made during the discussion.
2. The choleric comments hurled during the heated debate left lasting wounds within the team.
3. His choleric disposition made teamwork a grueling and often unproductive endeavor.
4. The consistent presence of choleric behavior in the workplace was a breeding ground for negativity.
5. She was widely known for her choleric outbursts, which had become a source of concern for her colleagues.
6. Choleric disputes and power struggles frequently hindered the team's ability to move forward.
7. The choleric arguments, filled with hostility, alienated even the most patient and accommodating colleagues.
8. Both bilious and choleric, he was an individual with whom few could collaborate effectively.
9. Choleric eruptions, like unpredictable storms, had a tendency to sour the entire atmosphere within seconds.
10. The choleric critique she delivered left no room for constructive feedback or words of praise.
11. Choleric complaints, often trivial in nature, seemed to echo incessantly through the office corridors.
12. His choleric attitude and disruptive behavior had a lasting negative impact on every event he attended.
13. The choleric exchanges and constant clashes had damaged team morale to a significant degree.
14. Bilious and choleric, they often found themselves at odds, making collaboration an uphill battle.
15. He had a choleric temper that made him quick to anger.
16. She was choleric and easily irritated.
17. The choleric manager shouted at his employees.
18. He was choleric and always ready for a fight.
19. She had a choleric disposition that made her hard to be around.
20. The choleric customer complained loudly about the service.
21. He was choleric and prone to outbursts of anger.
22. She was choleric and had a short fuse.
23. The choleric driver was honking and gesturing wildly at other drivers on the road.
24. He had a choleric personality that made him hard to deal with.
25. He was incluned to leave his wife alone when she was in a choleric mood.
26. He was a grumpy and choleric man who despised the children in the neighborhood.
27. He was a cantankerous and choleric old man who experienced little joy in life.
28. He was passed over for promotion becuase of his choleric nature.



irascible, calm, placid, serene


Vilification and Vitriol, Emotional Turmoil and Tension, Disenchantment and Discontent

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