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circuit

IPA

How to pronounce circuit (audio)

Dictionary definition of 'circuit'

A closed path or loop through which electric current flows, typically within an electrical system or device.
"The electrician carefully connected the wires to complete the circuit."

Detailed meaning of 'circuit'

It is composed of various interconnected components, such as wires, conductors, resistors, capacitors, and switches, that enable the flow of electrical energy. A circuit allows the controlled movement of electrons, facilitating the transfer of power or information. There are different types of circuits, including series circuits, parallel circuits, and complex circuit arrangements. Series circuits provide a single path for current to flow, while parallel circuits have multiple paths. Circuits can be found in various applications, ranging from simple household appliances to complex electronic systems and computer circuits. Understanding circuits is essential in electrical engineering, as it involves analyzing and designing systems that efficiently and safely transmit electrical signals or power. In summary, a circuit is a closed loop or path that allows the flow of electric current, comprising interconnected components to facilitate the movement of electrical energy within an electrical system or device.

History and etymology of 'circuit'

The noun 'circuit,' particularly in the context of electrical systems, has an intriguing etymology. It traces its origins to the Latin word 'circuitus,' which means 'a going around' or 'a circle.' This Latin term was derived from the verb 'circuire,' which combines 'circum' (around) and 'ire' (to go). The word 'circuit' was initially used in the sense of a closed path or loop through which something, such as electric current, could travel. This concept of going around or forming a closed loop is fundamental in electrical engineering, where circuits provide a complete path for the flow of electricity. Therefore, the etymology of 'circuit' underscores its connection to the idea of encircling or going around, which accurately reflects its role in facilitating the flow of electric current within electrical systems and devices.

Example sentences containing 'circuit'

1. The students built a simple circuit using a battery and a light bulb.
2. The robot's circuitry allowed it to perform complex tasks.
3. The technician used a multimeter to test the voltage in the circuit.
4. The computer processor processes instructions within nanoseconds on the integrated circuit.
5. The circuit diagram provided a visual representation of the electrical connections.
6. The circuit board is the heart of electronic devices.
7. He traced the circuit to find the electrical fault.
8. The circuit overload caused a power outage.
9. The closed circuit ensures a continuous flow of electricity.
10. The electronic circuit regulates voltage.
11. A short circuit can cause fires.
12. The circuit breaker tripped due to a surge.
13. The car's electrical circuit needed repair.
14. The circuit design is intricate and efficient.
15. The flashlight's circuit powers the LED.
16. The circuit tester identified the problem.
17. The CPU processes data in a closed circuit.
18. The electrical circuit diagram was complex.
19. A broken circuit can disrupt the entire system.
20. The circuit conducts electricity effectively.
21. The circuit components were soldered together.
22. He repaired the damaged circuit connections.
23. The circuit layout was neatly organized.
24. The open circuit interrupted the power supply.
25. The circuitry in modern devices is advanced.

Synonyms

synonym

Quiz categories containing 'circuit'

category

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Multiple Choice Game

Multiple Choice

Opposite Words Game

Opposite Words

Same or Different Game

Same/different

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Spelling Bee

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