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drug study, ignorance, misunderstanding, inexperience

ACT 2 (American College Testing), Critical and Analytical, Biological and Geological Sciences



How to pronounce pharmacology (audio)


Dictionary definition of pharmacology

The branch of science and medicine concerned with the study of drugs and their effects on the body.
"Pharmacology studies the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs."

Detailed meaning of pharmacology

It encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including chemistry, biochemistry, physiology, and toxicology. Pharmacologists investigate how drugs interact with biological systems, such as cells, tissues, organs, and organisms, to understand their mechanisms of action. They study the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of drugs in the body, known as pharmacokinetics, as well as their effects and interactions with specific receptors or targets, referred to as pharmacodynamics. Pharmacology plays a critical role in the development, testing, and regulation of medications, both therapeutic and preventive, for the treatment of diseases and the improvement of human health. It involves conducting laboratory experiments, preclinical studies, and clinical trials to evaluate the safety and efficacy of drugs. Pharmacologists also explore factors that can influence drug response, such as genetic variations and individual differences. By advancing our knowledge of drugs and their effects, pharmacology contributes to the optimization of drug therapy, the discovery of new medications, and the prevention of adverse drug reactions.

Example sentences containing pharmacology

1. She decided to pursue a career in pharmacology to study the effects of drugs on the human body.
2. The pharmacology professor explained the mechanism of action of a new medication to the students.
3. The field of pharmacology explores how different substances interact with biological systems.
4. The pharmacist used her knowledge of pharmacology to recommend the appropriate medication for the patient's condition.
5. The discovery of penicillin revolutionized the field of pharmacology.
6. The research study investigated the pharmacology of a novel drug candidate.

History and etymology of pharmacology

The noun 'pharmacology' has its etymological roots in ancient Greek. It is formed from the Greek words 'pharmakon,' which means 'drug' or 'remedy,' and 'logia,' which denotes the study or science of a particular subject. The term 'pharmakon' itself has a complex history, encompassing the concept of both poison and remedy in ancient Greek thought. This duality reflects the multifaceted nature of substances used in medicine, as many drugs can be therapeutic when used appropriately but harmful if misused. Over time, 'pharmacology' evolved to describe the branch of science and medicine concerned with the study of drugs, their properties, interactions, and effects on the body. The etymology of 'pharmacology' underscores the foundational role of the study of drugs in the field of medicine and its origins in the ancient understanding of the dual nature of medicinal substances.

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Further usage examples of pharmacology

1. The pharmacology textbook provided a comprehensive overview of drug classifications and their effects.
2. The student conducted experiments in the laboratory to better understand pharmacology principles.
3. The conference brought together experts from around the world to discuss the latest advancements in pharmacology.
4. The pharmaceutical company invested heavily in research and development of new pharmacological treatments.
5. The patient experienced adverse reactions due to a drug interaction, highlighting the importance of pharmacology in patient care.
6. The pharmacology course covered topics such as pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
7. The scientist conducted pharmacological trials to determine the safety and efficacy of the new medication.
8. The field of pharmacology plays a crucial role in shaping public health policies and guidelines.
9. The research team received a grant to study the pharmacology of natural compounds found in plants.
10. The pharmacist provided detailed explanations to the customers about the pharmacology of their prescribed medications.
11. The journal article presented groundbreaking research findings in the field of pharmacology.
12. The professor emphasized the importance of ethical considerations in conducting pharmacological research.
13. The conference featured keynote speakers who discussed the future directions of pharmacology.
14. The student's passion for pharmacology motivated them to pursue a Ph.D. in the field.



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