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How to pronounce prune (audio)


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Dictionary definition of prune

To trim, cut back, or remove unwanted parts of a plant, tree, or shrub to promote growth, maintain shape, or enhance its overall health and appearance.
"It's important to prune a bonsai tree carefully to maintain its unique shape."


Detailed meaning of prune

Pruning is a horticultural practice that involves selectively removing branches, stems, or foliage, usually with the use of gardening tools such as shears or pruning saws. The purpose of pruning is to remove dead, damaged, or diseased parts of a plant, as well as to thin out excessive growth or shape the plant in a desired form. Pruning can stimulate the growth of new branches, encourage flower or fruit production, and improve the overall structure and aesthetics of the plant. It is often performed on trees, bushes, vines, and ornamental plants to maintain their health, prevent overcrowding, and ensure optimal productivity. Proper pruning techniques are essential to avoid harming the plant and to achieve the desired results. Overall, the verb "prune" signifies the intentional act of trimming or cutting back plants to maintain their well-being and enhance their appearance.

Example sentences containing prune

1. I need to prune the overgrown roses in the garden this weekend.
2. The gardener used sharp shears to prune the unruly hedge into a neat shape.
3. It's essential to prune fruit trees in the late winter for a bountiful harvest.
4. He decided to prune the wild vines that had taken over the fence.
5. Prune dead branches to prevent disease from spreading in the tree.
6. The landscaper suggested we prune the shrubs to create a more open space.

History and etymology of prune

The verb 'prune' has an interesting etymology that can be traced back to the Latin word 'prūnus,' which referred to the plum tree or its fruit. The act of trimming or cutting back branches and stems from plum trees to encourage growth and improve fruit production gave rise to the verb 'prūnāre' in Latin, meaning 'to prune.' This word eventually evolved into the Old French 'proignier' and Middle English 'prunen,' both signifying the practice of cutting or trimming plants. Over time, 'prune' became the commonly used term for the act of selectively removing unwanted parts of a plant, tree, or shrub to promote growth, maintain shape, or enhance its overall health and appearance. The word's history is deeply rooted in horticulture, reflecting the centuries-old practice of caring for and shaping plant life.

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Further usage examples of prune

1. To encourage new growth, it's best to prune the lavender plants lightly.
2. Don't forget to prune the grapevines before spring for better fruit quality.
3. I'll prune the ivy on the wall to prevent it from damaging the structure.
4. The expert advised us to prune the rosebushes to stimulate flowering.
5. I like to prune the roses in my garden during early spring.
6. You should prune that overgrown shrub to give other plants some sunlight.
7. Gardeners often prune fruit trees to stimulate growth and increase yield.
8. Don't prune your hedges too aggressively; you might damage them.
9. I usually prune the vines in late winter to ensure healthy growth.
10. Do I need to prune my apple tree more often?
11. She decided to prune the ivy creeping up the old brick wall.
12. You can prune the top branches to give the tree a more balanced look.
13. When you prune a plant, you encourage healthier growth.
14. They chose to prune the willow tree to improve its health and structure.
15. We'll have to prune the rose bush to promote blooming next season.
16. It's best to prune grapevines when they're dormant.
17. The city decided to prune the trees along the sidewalks for safety reasons.
18. I learned how to prune my fruit trees from a gardening book.
19. He didn't prune the peach tree, leading to an overgrowth of branches.
20. To ensure the best results, prune your plants with clean and sharp tools.
21. A good time to prune flowering plants is just after they've bloomed.
22. Let's prune the lower branches to allow for a clear walking path underneath.
23. When we prune the old oak tree, we will create more sunlight for the grass below.



trim, grow, expand, neglect


Endings and Transitions, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability, Growth and Development

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