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How to pronounce umbra (audio)


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Dictionary definition of umbra

The darkest part of a shadow, where light is completely blocked by an object.
"The tree cast a long umbra across the lawn as the sun began to set."

Detailed meaning of umbra

It is the opposite of the penumbra, which is the partially shaded area surrounding the umbra. Umbra is often used in astronomy to describe the central, completely shaded area of an eclipse, where the sun or moon is completely obscured. In other contexts, umbra can refer to the most intense or extreme aspect of something, such as the deepest emotions or the most extreme consequences of an action. In literature and art, the umbra is often used to create a sense of danger or mystery, as characters or events exist in a space of complete darkness or obscurity. Overall, the term "umbra" conveys a sense of darkness, intensity, and the potential for danger or the unknown.

Example sentences containing umbra

1. The eclipse created an eerie umbra that covered the landscape in complete darkness.
2. The artist used the contrast between the umbra and the penumbra to create a dramatic effect in the painting.
3. The scientist studied the properties of the umbra to understand the nature of shadows.
4. The movie used the umbra to create a suspenseful scene in which the protagonist was pursued by a shadowy figure.
5. The historian studied the political umbra that existed behind the public persona of a powerful leader.
6. The poet used the image of the umbra to evoke feelings of fear and uncertainty in the reader.

History and etymology of umbra

The noun 'umbra' has its etymological origins in Latin, where it directly translates to 'shadow' or 'shade.' In the context of shadows, 'umbra' specifically refers to the darkest part of a shadow where light is completely blocked by an object. The term 'umbra' has been used for centuries to describe this concept in the realm of astronomy, where it refers to the central, darkest portion of a shadow cast by celestial bodies like the moon during an eclipse. Its etymology underscores its fundamental association with darkness and the complete absence of light, making it a precise and essential term when discussing shadows and their characteristics.

Quiz: Find the meaning of umbra

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Further usage examples of umbra

1. The photographer captured the beauty of the umbra created by the interplay of light and shadow.
2. The astronomer observed the umbra of a distant planet, trying to understand its composition and characteristics.
3. The writer explored the psychological umbra of the human mind, delving into the depths of human emotion and experience.
4. The detective used the umbra of a building to hide from his pursuers, waiting for the perfect moment to escape.
5. The musician used the concept of the umbra to create a haunting melody that captured the essence of darkness and mystery.
6. During a lunar eclipse, the moon enters the Earth's umbra, casting a deep shadow on its surface.
7. The photographer patiently waited to capture the subtle details within the umbra of the ancient ruins.
8. The scientist conducted extensive research to better understand the dynamics of the lunar umbra.
9. As the sun set, the city's skyline was gradually enveloped in the umbra of darkness.
10. The theater's heavy curtains were designed to create a complete umbra on the stage, concealing actors before the performance.
11. Eclipse enthusiasts from around the world gathered to witness the moon's journey through the Earth's umbra.
12. The total solar eclipse transformed the bustling city into a realm of eerie silence as it descended into the umbra of darkness.
13. In the heart of the dense forest, the creature moved silently within the umbra, concealed by the trees.
14. The artist skillfully played with the interplay of light and umbra in his masterpiece, creating a captivating contrast.
15. The gentle flicker of the candle's flame cast a delicate umbra on the wall, adding to the room's ambiance.
16. The ancient ritual was held within the sacred umbra of the temple, hidden from the outside world.
17. Venturing deeper into the cave, they found themselves enveloped in an oppressive umbra, with no source of light.
18. Eclipse glasses were essential to protect their eyes from the intense brightness of the sun's umbra.
19. The scientist's groundbreaking study delved into the Earth's umbra and its impact on various celestial phenomena.
20. The theater's heavy curtains, when drawn, concealed the actors in a shroud of umbra before the performance.
21. Within the moon's penumbra, only a partial shading occurs, in contrast to the complete darkness of the umbra.
22. Legends spoke of a dragon's lair hidden deep within the mountain's forbidding umbra.
23. The eclipse chasers embarked on a journey to witness the awe-inspiring beauty of the lunar umbra.
24. When the power went out, the room was plunged into an unsettling umbra, shrouded in darkness.
25. The total eclipse left the land submerged in an eerie umbra, creating a surreal and unforgettable experience.



full shadow, light, brightness, illumination


ACT 16 (American College Testing), Optical Phenomena and Radiance, Light and Visibility

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