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abrasion

IPA

How to pronounce abrasion (audio)

Dictionary Definition of 'abrasion'

A superficial injury or wound that occurs on the surface of the skin or a material due to friction, scraping, or rubbing against a rough or abrasive surface.
"He suffered a painful abrasion on his knee after falling off his bike."

Detailed Meaning of 'abrasion'

It involves the removal or wearing away of the outer layer or layers of the affected material or tissue. Abrasions commonly result from incidents such as falls, scrapes, or contact with rough objects or surfaces. They are typically characterized by redness, swelling, and sometimes the presence of minor bleeding. While abrasions are not usually deep or severe, they can cause discomfort, pain, and temporary impairment of the affected area. In addition to injuries on the skin, the term 'abrasion' can also be used to describe the wearing down or erosion of materials such as metals, plastics, or fabrics due to repetitive friction or contact. Proper cleaning, disinfection, and care are essential for preventing infection and promoting healing in cases of abrasions.

History and Etymology of 'abrasion'

The noun 'abrasion' has its etymological roots in the Latin word 'abrasio,' which is derived from the verb 'abrader.' In Latin, 'ab' means 'away from,' and 'radere' means 'to scrape' or 'to shave.' Therefore, 'abrasio' originally referred to the act of scraping away or rubbing off a surface layer. This sense of friction and surface removal carried over into English, where 'abrasion' describes a superficial injury or wound that occurs when the skin or a material is scraped or rubbed against a rough or abrasive surface. The etymology of 'abrasion' underscores its historical connection to the concept of surface-level damage caused by friction or scraping, emphasizing the nature of the injury as being superficial and primarily affecting the outer layer of skin or material.

Examples of 'abrasion' in a Sentence

1. The car's collision caused an abrasion on the bumper.
2. An abrasion on the hardwood floor needed refinishing.
3. The cyclist's tumble resulted in an arm abrasion.
4. The rough fabric caused an uncomfortable skin abrasion.
5. The rough fabric of the carpet caused an abrasion on her skin.
6. The doctor treated the patient's abrasion with antiseptic and bandages.
7. The sandpaper left an abrasion on the wooden surface.
8. The rough edges of the table caused an abrasion on the child's arm.
9. The cat's playful scratch left a small abrasion on my hand.
10. The abrasive cleaner removed the stain but left an abrasion on the countertop.
11. The toddler had an abrasion on his cheek from stumbling and hitting a table.
12. The painter's hand suffered an abrasion from sliding it along the rough canvas.
13. The soccer player had an abrasion on his forehead from colliding with another player.
14. The abrasive surface of the sandpaper caused an abrasion on the wooden table.
15. The child's skinned knee showed signs of an abrasion and required cleaning and bandaging.
16. The fabric of the couch had an abrasion from constant use and needed to be repaired.
17. The swimmer had an abrasion on her shoulder from rubbing against the pool's rough edge.

Synonyms

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