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calamity

IPA

How to pronounce calamity (audio)

Dictionary Definition of 'calamity'

A disastrous or catastrophic event that brings about great distress, suffering, or loss.
"The pandemic has been a global calamity, affecting millions of lives."

Detailed Meaning of 'calamity'

It is an extreme and often unexpected occurrence that causes widespread damage, destruction, or adversity. Calamities can take various forms, such as natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, or fires, or they can be man-made, like wars, industrial accidents, or economic crises. Calamities typically have severe consequences, impacting individuals, communities, or even entire regions. They result in significant human suffering, loss of life, displacement, and material damage. Calamities often disrupt normal routines, infrastructure, and social systems, requiring emergency response, relief efforts, and long-term recovery initiatives. The term "calamity" conveys a sense of immense tragedy and the need for collective action and support to overcome the resulting challenges.

Examples of 'calamity' in a Sentence

1. The earthquake brought upon a calamity, leaving the city in ruins.
2. The sudden stock market crash caused a financial calamity for investors.
3. The hurricane's path of destruction was considered a calamity for coastal communities.
4. The war resulted in a calamity, with widespread devastation and loss of life.
5. The factory explosion was a calamity that took years to recover from.
6. The drought in the region has brought upon an agricultural calamity.

History and Etymology of 'calamity'

The noun 'calamity' traces its origins to the Latin language, specifically from the Latin word 'calamitas.' In Latin, 'calamitas' referred to various kinds of misfortunes, including crop failure, financial ruin, and disasters in general. The exact root of 'calamitas' is uncertain, but it may have connections to the Latin word 'clades,' meaning 'destruction' or 'loss in battle.' Over time, 'calamity' made its way into English, maintaining its sense of a disastrous or catastrophic event that brings about great distress, suffering, or loss. Its etymology highlights the historical understanding of adverse events that could wreak havoc on individuals, communities, or societies, emphasizing the severity of such occurrences.

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Quiz Categories Containing 'calamity'

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eb68db_0e5f863241be4956964f7800a662e7a5.mp3

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