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centrifugal

IPA

How to pronounce centrifugal (audio)

Dictionary Definition of 'centrifugal'

Relating to forces, movements, or processes that move away from a central point or axis.
"The centrifugal force of the spinning top kept it upright on the table."

Detailed Meaning of 'centrifugal'

It is often employed in physics and engineering to describe objects or phenomena that exhibit outward or radiating motion or force. For example, in the case of centrifugal force, when an object is rotating around an axis, there is a perceived outward force pushing the object away from the center of rotation. Similarly, centrifugal motion describes the outward movement of particles or objects from a central point due to their inertia. "Centrifugal" conveys a sense of outward expansion or divergence from a central point or origin, contrasting with "centripetal," which describes forces or movements directed toward a central point. This concept is fundamental in various fields, including mechanics, fluid dynamics, and transportation, where it helps explain and predict the behavior of objects in motion.

History and Etymology of 'centrifugal'

The adjective 'centrifugal' has its etymological origins in Latin. It is derived from the Latin word 'centrum,' meaning 'center,' and 'fugere,' which translates to 'to flee' or 'to run away.' When combined, 'centrifugus' in Latin signifies 'fleeing from the center' or 'moving away from the center.' This term was used to describe forces, movements, or processes that exhibit a tendency to move outward or away from a central point or axis. In the context of physics and mechanics, 'centrifugal' refers to the outward force experienced by an object in circular motion, pulling it away from the center of rotation. Thus, 'centrifugal' retains its etymological connection to the concept of moving away from a central point, emphasizing the idea of outward movement or force.

Examples of 'centrifugal' in a Sentence

1. The amusement park ride used centrifugal force to keep people pinned to their seats.
2. Their political strategy had a centrifugal effect, dispersing support to the fringes.
3. He studied the centrifugal behavior of particles in turbulent fluid flows.
4. Her centrifugal approach to management allowed for greater team autonomy.
5. A centrifugal clutch is used to engage the engine only at specific speeds.
6. In the dance, the centrifugal movements of the dancers mimicked celestial orbits.
7. The centrifugal dryer removed moisture by rapidly spinning the wet material.
8. The centrifugal governor helps maintain a constant speed in steam engines.
9. With centrifugal casting, the metal or material is forced away from the center.
10. The centrifugal fan is more efficient for high-pressure and high-flow applications.
11. In the cosmos, centrifugal forces counteract gravitational pull in rotating systems.
12. The centrifugal chiller is commonly used in commercial air conditioning systems.
13. Centrifugal tendencies within the coalition made it difficult to maintain unity.
14. The tornado's centrifugal winds flung debris away from its spinning core.
15. The centrifugal air filter removes contaminants by pushing them outward.
16. His centrifugal kicking technique in martial arts was unique but effective.
17. In the washer, the centrifugal spin cycle helps to remove excess water.
18. The centrifugal motion of the earth has an effect on climate and weather.
19. His centrifugal personality often pushed him away from the core group.
20. The centrifugal forces in a rotating space station create artificial gravity.
21. The water wheel uses centrifugal methods to displace water for irrigation.
22. Centrifugal sorting machines are used to separate particles by size and weight.
23. The centrifugal nature of the whirlpool pushed objects away from the center.
24. The centrifugal compressor is widely used in jet engines for aircraft.

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