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How to pronounce deficiency (audio)


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Dictionary definition of deficiency

A lack, insufficiency, or inadequacy of something that is necessary or expected for proper functioning, development, or performance.
"The doctor ordered blood tests to check for any nutrient deficiencies."

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Detailed meaning of deficiency

It signifies a state of being deficient or not meeting the required or desired level or standard. Deficiency can apply to various aspects, such as nutrition, resources, skills, knowledge, or qualities. It highlights a shortage or absence of essential elements, components, or qualities that are necessary for optimal functioning or desired outcomes. In the context of health, a deficiency refers to a lack of specific vitamins, minerals, or nutrients, leading to impaired bodily functions or health conditions. Deficiencies can have detrimental effects on physical, mental, or emotional well-being. In other contexts, deficiency may refer to a lack of proficiency, competence, or skill in a particular area. It implies a gap or limitation that needs to be addressed or remedied for proper functioning or improvement.

Example sentences containing deficiency

1. The doctor diagnosed the patient with a vitamin deficiency.
2. The athlete's performance suffered due to a lack of training and a dietary deficiency.
3. The school provided extra resources to address the learning deficiencies of struggling students.
4. The company faced financial challenges as a result of a cash flow deficiency.
5. The deficiency in leadership within the organization led to inefficiencies and poor decision-making.
6. The child's developmental deficiency required specialized educational support.

History and etymology of deficiency

The noun 'deficiency' has its origins in the Latin word 'deficientia,' which is derived from the verb 'deficere.' In Latin, 'de' means 'away' or 'off,' and 'ficere' comes from 'facere,' meaning 'to do' or 'to make.' Therefore, the etymology of 'deficiency' conveys the idea of something being 'done away with' or 'falling short' of what is necessary or expected for proper functioning, development, or performance. This word reflects the notion of a lack, insufficiency, or inadequacy in the context of essential elements, highlighting its origins in Latin where 'deficere' signifies a failing or falling short of a required standard.

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Further usage examples of deficiency

1. The deficiency of rainfall caused drought conditions in the region.
2. The deficiency of essential nutrients in the soil affected crop growth.
3. The audit revealed a deficiency in the company's internal control systems.
4. The deficiency of sleep negatively impacted the individual's cognitive abilities.
5. The doctor diagnosed the patient with a vitamin D deficiency.
6. The child's iron deficiency caused fatigue and weakness.
7. Nutritional deficiencies can lead to various health problems.
8. The athlete's performance was affected by a protein deficiency.
9. Lack of sunlight exposure can result in a vitamin B12 deficiency.
10. The doctor recommended a calcium supplement to address the deficiency.
11. The deficiency in essential fatty acids impacted brain development.
12. The vegan diet can sometimes lead to a vitamin B12 deficiency.
13. The lack of iodine in the diet caused a thyroid deficiency.
14. The deficiency in magnesium caused muscle cramps and spasms.
15. The deficiency in vitamin C weakened the immune system.



lack, abundance, surplus, sufficiency


TOEFL 1, Deficiency and Shortage, Adversity and Obstacle, Ailments and Ill-Health

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