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The Complete Vocabulary Builder Workbook

excavate

IPA

How to pronounce excavate (audio)

Dictionary definition of excavate

To dig or remove earth, rock, or other materials from the ground.
"The team had to carefully excavate the area to avoid damaging any buried artifacts."

Detailed meaning of excavate

It typically involves the use of specialized tools and equipment, such as shovels, bulldozers, and backhoes, to remove soil or other debris from a specific location. Excavation can be used for a variety of purposes, including construction, mining, and archaeological exploration. Depending on the context, the process of excavation may involve digging deep trenches or pits, creating tunnels, or simply removing surface materials to clear an area for construction or landscaping. Excavation can be a complex and potentially dangerous process, and it is typically carried out by trained professionals with specialized skills and equipment.

Example sentences containing excavate

1. The archaeologists excavate ancient ruins to uncover hidden treasures.
2. They carefully excavate the site, searching for artifacts and fossils.
3. The team uses shovels and heavy machinery to excavate the soil.
4. The miners excavate deep into the earth to extract valuable minerals.
5. Excavate the area around the tree to plant it securely.
6. Archaeologists excavate burial sites to learn more about ancient civilizations.

History and etymology of excavate

The verb 'excavate' has its origins in Latin, specifically from the word 'excavare,' which is a combination of 'ex' (out) and 'cavare' (to hollow or dig). It entered the English language in the early 17th century, retaining its fundamental meaning of digging or removing earth, rock, or other materials from the ground. The etymology of 'excavate' effectively conveys the action of uncovering or unearthing, highlighting the process of creating cavities or hollows in the earth during archaeological, construction, or mining activities. 'Excavate' continues to be a vital term in various fields, from archaeology to geology, where the uncovering of buried artifacts, fossils, or resources is central to understanding the past and advancing scientific knowledge.

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Further usage examples of excavate

1. The paleontologists excavate dinosaur bones to study their anatomy.
2. The archaeologists excavate layer by layer, documenting their findings.
3. The construction workers excavate trenches for underground utilities.
4. Excavate the debris from the construction site before starting the project.
5. The archaeologists excavate the shipwreck, hoping to find historical artifacts.
6. The miners excavate tunnels deep underground for resource extraction.
7. The archaeologists carefully excavate fragile pottery shards.
8. Excavate the area to create a new swimming pool.
9. The researchers excavate ancient tombs to unravel mysteries of the past.
10. Excavate the old pipes to replace them with new ones.
11. The team must excavate the damaged section of the road for repairs.
12. The construction crew had to excavate a deep hole for the foundation of the building.
13. The mining company used heavy machinery to excavate minerals from the earth.
14. The road crew had to excavate the area to make repairs to the underground pipes.
15. The city hired a contractor to excavate a new sewer line.

mine,quarry,scoop,shovel,trench,tunnel,unearth

eb68db_97a3fdbde37e45b48bfbcad847feb912.mp3

dig, fill, bury, cover

exhume,gouge,scrape,uncover

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