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How to pronounce neoliberalism (audio)

Dictionary definition of neoliberalism

A political and economic ideology that advocates for minimal government intervention, free markets, and individual liberty as the driving forces for economic growth and social progress.
"Neoliberalism promotes privatization of public services."

Detailed meaning of neoliberalism

Neoliberalism emerged in the late 20th century and gained prominence as a response to the perceived limitations of state-controlled economies. It promotes policies such as deregulation, privatization, trade liberalization, and fiscal austerity, aiming to maximize economic efficiency and promote entrepreneurship. Neoliberalism emphasizes the importance of free trade, open markets, and competition, viewing them as catalysts for innovation, investment, and overall economic development. It places a strong emphasis on individual choice, personal responsibility, and self-interest as drivers of economic decision-making. Critics of neoliberalism argue that it can lead to increased income inequality, erosion of social safety nets, and the prioritization of profit over social welfare. The impact of neoliberal policies varies across countries and contexts, but the term "neoliberalism" encapsulates a complex set of ideas and practices that have significantly shaped global economic and political systems over the past few decades.

Example sentences containing neoliberalism

1. Neoliberalism advocates for free markets and limited government intervention.
2. The rise of neoliberalism has transformed economic policies worldwide.
3. Critics argue that neoliberalism exacerbates income inequality.
4. Many governments have adopted neoliberal policies to attract foreign investment.
5. The principles of neoliberalism prioritize individual responsibility and self-interest.
6. Neoliberalism emphasizes the role of competition in driving economic growth.

History and etymology of neoliberalism

The noun 'neoliberalism' is formed by combining 'neo-' and 'liberalism.' The prefix 'neo-' derives from the Greek word 'neos,' meaning 'new' or 'recent.' 'Liberalism,' on the other hand, has its roots in the Latin word 'liberalis,' which pertained to freedom and generosity. In the context of political and economic ideology, 'liberalism' historically emphasized individual rights, limited government intervention, and free-market principles. 'Neoliberalism,' then, signifies a modern or updated version of this classical liberal ideology. It advocates for minimal government intervention in the economy, promotes free markets as the primary drivers of economic growth, and emphasizes individual liberty as a core principle. 'Neoliberalism' has gained prominence in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, shaping economic policies and political discourse in various parts of the world.

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Further usage examples of neoliberalism

1. Some argue that neoliberalism prioritizes corporate profits over social welfare.
2. Neoliberalism is often associated with deregulation and reduced labor protections.
3. The effects of neoliberalism on social safety nets are a subject of debate.
4. Neoliberalism has shaped economic policies in various countries since the 1980s.
5. The impact of neoliberalism on developing nations has been a topic of discussion.
6. Neoliberalism promotes market deregulation.
7. Critics argue that neoliberalism widens inequality.
8. Neoliberalism advocates for privatization of services.
9. The global economy has been shaped by neoliberalism.
10. Neoliberalism emphasizes free trade agreements.
11. Neoliberalism champions limited government intervention.
12. The financial crisis raised questions about neoliberalism.
13. Neoliberalism's influence on education is debated.
14. Neoliberalism prioritizes individual entrepreneurship.
15. Critics contend that neoliberalism harms social safety nets.
16. Neoliberalism's impact on healthcare varies.
17. Neoliberalism's focus on profits can lead to exploitation.
18. The IMF has often promoted neoliberal policies.
19. Neoliberalism's effects on the environment are debated.
20. Advocates argue that neoliberalism drives innovation.
21. Neoliberalism's influence on media is a topic of concern.
22. Neoliberalism's role in shaping globalization is significant.
23. Critics say neoliberalism leads to corporate dominance.
24. Social justice movements often oppose neoliberalism.
25. Neoliberalism has reshaped economic policies worldwide.



capitalism, socialism, collectivism, statism


Suffix -ism, SAT 2 (Scholastic Assessment Test), High School 5, Beliefs and Principles

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