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mannerly,polite,respectful

affable,civilized,considerate,courteous,diplomatic,genteel,gracious,urbane

societal, rude, discourteous, uncivilized

civil

IPA

How to pronounce civil (audio)

Dictionary definition of civil

Pertaining to matters concerning citizens, society, or the general public.
"The civil rights movement fought for equal rights and justice for all citizens."

Detailed meaning of civil

It describes actions, behaviors, or institutions that are characterized by courtesy, respect, and consideration towards others. When someone is described as civil, it means they display politeness, good manners, and a cooperative attitude in their interactions with others. In a broader sense, 'civil' also refers to the legal and social framework that governs a society, encompassing laws, regulations, and norms that promote order, fairness, and the protection of individual rights. Civil discourse is marked by rational, constructive discussions, where diverse perspectives are heard and respected. Similarly, civil liberties encompass the fundamental rights and freedoms granted to individuals within a society. Overall, the adjective 'civil' reflects the importance of a harmonious and respectful coexistence within a community, both at the interpersonal and societal levels.

Example sentences of civil

1. The civil society organization organized a peaceful protest to raise awareness about environmental issues.
2. In a civil society, people are encouraged to express their opinions respectfully and engage in constructive dialogue.
3. The judge maintained a civil demeanor in the courtroom, treating all parties with fairness and respect.
4. The civil engineer designed a bridge that would withstand the harshest weather conditions.
5. The civil ceremony was a simple and dignified way for the couple to exchange their vows.
6. The civil war tore the nation apart, leading to years of unrest and devastation.

History and etymology of civil

The adjective 'civil' has a noteworthy etymology rooted in the Latin word 'civilis.' This Latin term is derived from 'civis,' meaning 'citizen' or 'member of a community.' In ancient Rome, 'civilis' referred to matters concerning citizens and the broader community. As the Roman Empire expanded, the concept of citizenship and the associated rights and responsibilities became increasingly important. Consequently, 'civil' evolved to encompass all matters related to citizens, society, or the general public. This etymology underscores the close connection between the word 'civil' and the idea of being a responsible member of a community or society, emphasizing the importance of social order, cooperation, and civic engagement in the term's historical development.

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Further usage examples of civil

1. The civil service examination was a rigorous test that assessed candidates' knowledge and skills.
2. The civil dispute between neighbors was resolved amicably through mediation.
3. The civil aviation authority implemented strict regulations to ensure the safety of air travel.
4. The civil discourse during the political debate allowed for a thoughtful exchange of ideas.
5. The civil code of conduct outlines the expected behaviors and responsibilities of individuals within a community.
6. Civil discourse fosters understanding in society.
7. The civil rights movement advocated for equality.
8. A civil society values diversity and inclusion.
9. The civil servant worked diligently for the people.
10. His civil demeanor diffused the tense situation.
11. Civil liberties are fundamental to a free society.
12. A civil lawsuit seeks compensation for damages.
13. She received a civil award for community service.
14. Civil disobedience can be a powerful form of protest.
15. The civil code governs legal matters in this country.
16. We need civil dialogue to bridge our differences.
17. The civil engineer designed the new bridge.
18. Civil unrest can arise from social inequality.
19. A civil ceremony celebrated their marriage.
20. The civil war had a profound impact on the nation.
21. Civil aviation has made travel accessible to many.
22. Civil discourse encourages productive debate.
23. Civil court handles non-criminal legal disputes.
24. Civil resistance can bring about social change.
25. The civil rights leader inspired generations.

Synonyms

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