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rub

IPA

How to pronounce rub (audio)

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Dictionary definition of rub

To apply pressure or friction with one's hands or an object against a surface.
"He started to rub his eyes as he woke up from a deep sleep."

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Detailed meaning of rub

When you rub something, you move your hand or an object back and forth against a particular area, typically in a repetitive or circular motion. Rubbing is commonly done for various purposes, such as cleaning, polishing, soothing, or providing comfort. It can involve using a substance like lotion, oil, or powder to enhance the effect. Rubbing can also be an expression of affection or care, such as rubbing a loved one's back or shoulders. Additionally, "rub" can describe the act of causing two surfaces to come into contact with each other, resulting in friction or generating a particular sensation. For example, when you rub your hands together, you create warmth by generating friction between them. Overall, the verb "rub" encompasses the action of applying pressure and friction to a surface for various purposes, ranging from practical to soothing or affectionate.

Example sentences containing rub

1. She used a cloth to rub the dirt off the old painting.
2. The cat continued to rub against my leg, seeking attention.
3. If you rub the magic lamp, a genie might appear!
4. The chef began to rub spices on the chicken to marinate it.
5. I had to rub my hands together to generate some warmth on the cold day.
6. The mother gently used a sponge to rub soap on her baby during bath time.

History and etymology of rub

The verb 'rub' has its etymological origins in the Middle English word 'rubben,' which can be traced back to the Old French word 'rober' and, further still, to the Latin term 'ruber,' meaning 'red' or 'to be red.' The connection between 'rub' and the color red lies in the fact that friction or pressure often generates heat, causing redness in the affected area. Over time, the term 'rub' expanded to encompass the action of applying pressure or friction with one's hands or an object against a surface, reflecting the notion of creating friction and warmth through physical contact. This etymological journey highlights the link between the sensation of rubbing and its historical association with warmth and color.

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Further usage examples of rub

1. When she found a sore spot on her back, she asked her friend to rub it for her.
2. The kids used sticks to rub against rocks to pretend they were making fire.
3. I had to rub my temples to alleviate the headache.
4. The athlete asked the trainer to rub some ointment on his injured knee.
5. After you apply the polish, remember to rub the surface until it shines.
6. I often rub my temples when I have a tension headache.
7. Cats purr with delight when you rub their soft fur.
8. She decides to rub oil into the wooden table to restore its luster.
9. Rub the eraser gently to erase the pencil marks.
10. He uses a soft cloth to rub away tarnish from the silverware.
11. After a long day, I like to rub my feet to relax.
12. The athlete regularly rubs the liniment into his sore muscles.
13. Rub the brass with a gentle touch to make it shine.
14. She frequently has to rub her eyes to stay awake during lectures.
15. Please rub the stain out before it becomes permanent.
16. He began to rub the magic lamp, hoping for a genie to appear.
17. The chef instructs me to rub the spice blend onto the meat.
18. The masseuse can skillfully rub away tension and stress.
19. Rub the sandpaper gently to smooth out rough edges.
20. Can you rub some sunscreen on my back before we go out?
21. He had to rub the rust off the old bicycle chain to make it work.
22. Rubbing the balloon against your hair generates static electricity.
23. The ritual required her to rub the special oil on her hands as part of the ceremony.

knead,massage,pat,press,smudge,stroke

eb68db_42282ef6ac204e1da6a7ad2b33eb0f89.mp3

massage, ignore, leave, neglect

buff,caress,chafe,graze,polish,scrub

TOEFL 10, Middle School 15, Materials and Substances

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