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awardee,bearer,caretaker,holder,keeper,officeholder,official,possessor,trustee

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current-holder, outsider, newcomer, candidate

current,custodian,occupant,present,tenant

Authority and Control, Commitment and Responsibility, Governance and Authority, Leadership and Governance

incumbent

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How to pronounce incumbent (audio)

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Dictionary definition of incumbent

The person who currently holds a particular office or position.
"The incumbent President is running for re-election."

Detailed meaning of incumbent

The term comes from the Latin word "incumbere" which means "to lie on" or "to press upon."

In politics, an incumbent is the person who is currently holding an elected office and is running for re-election. In business, an incumbent is the person who holds a particular position within an organization, such as a CEO.

Being an incumbent can be an advantage in an election or a job competition, as the person already holds the position and has the experience, knowledge and resources to run the office or job. Incumbents often have a built-in advantage, such as name recognition, access to resources and a track record in the position.

However, being an incumbent also can be a disadvantage as well, as the person may be held accountable for any problems or issues that occurred during their tenure in the office or job. Also, the public may be looking for a change and may be less likely to vote for an incumbent.

In short, Incumbent refers to the person who currently holds a particular office or position, it can be an advantage in an election or a job competition, as the person already holds the position and has the experience, knowledge and resources to run the office or job, but it also can be a disadvantage as well, as the person may be held accountable for any problems or issues that occurred during their tenure in the office or job, and the public may be looking for a change and may be less likely to vote for an incumbent.

Example sentences containing incumbent

1. The incumbent president launched his campaign for re-election.
2. Despite his efforts, the incumbent mayor lost to the young challenger.
3. It is the incumbent's responsibility to demonstrate their achievements while in office.
4. The CEO, an incumbent for ten years, announced her retirement.
5. In the battle of incumbent versus newcomer, experience often holds sway.
6. The incumbent's record in office was under intense scrutiny.

History and etymology of incumbent

The noun 'incumbent' has its roots in Latin, deriving from the word 'incumbentem,' which is the present participle of 'incumbere.' In Latin, 'in' means 'on,' and 'cumbere' means 'to lie or recline.' Therefore, 'incumbent' can be etymologically understood as 'one who lies or reclines on,' figuratively signifying someone who holds a particular office or position. This term is used to refer to the person currently occupying a specific role or office, emphasizing their duty or responsibility in that position. The etymology of 'incumbent' reflects the idea that the individual is 'in office,' bearing the responsibilities that come with it, and is lying in that role until their term or tenure ends.

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Further usage examples of incumbent

1. He was an incumbent who believed in progressive policies.
2. The opponent was an unlikely match for the seasoned incumbent.
3. The voters were divided between supporting the incumbent or seeking fresh leadership.
4. As the incumbent, he felt the weight of public expectation.
5. The incumbent governor pledged to reduce the state's unemployment rate.
6. Facing a strong challenger, the incumbent senator campaigned tirelessly.
7. The scandals tarnished the reputation of the incumbent prime minister.
8. The re-election of the incumbent was a testament to their effective leadership.
9. The constituents were dissatisfied with the incumbent's performance.
10. Despite being the incumbent, her chances of winning were slim.
11. The incumbent champion was unfazed by the upcoming competition.
12. The campaign advertisements portrayed the incumbent in a negative light.
13. As an incumbent, she held the advantage of experience and recognition.
14. The race was close, but the incumbent managed to secure a victory.

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